Translations of key Chinese articles and blogs about the Covid-19 Outbreak

Shanghai Journalism Review, Issue #2 2020 (translation of front page)

1) Recording the experience of being the first to discover the novel coronavirus (see Post 1)

记录一下首次发现新型冠状病毒的经历
Source: Personal blog
Author: Little Mountain Dog (小山狗), an identified employee of Vision Medicals
Date: Jan 28, 2020
Takeaway: A key testimony on the near full sequencing and early genomic analysis of SARS-CoV-2 on 26/27 Dec 2019, with warnings clearly communicated to CDC and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences by 28 Dec.

2) Statement on “Recording the experience of first discovering the novel coronavirus” (see Post 2)

关于《记录一下首次发现新型冠状病毒的经历》的声明
Source: Personal blog
Author: Little Mountain Dog (小山狗), an identified employee of Vision Medicals
Date: Jan 28, 2020
Takeaway: ‘Self-criticism’ statement denouncing her previous post, using standard party-speech.

3) People outside the statistics:
Did they die of “ordinary pneumonia”?

统计数字之外的人:他们死于“普通肺炎”?
Source: Caixin (财经)
Authors: Fang Gongyiliu, Li Shiyun, Liu Yiqin, Iris Xin, intern Ma Kexin
Date: Feb 1, 2020
Takeaway: An excellent article describing the obstacles and systemic biases in the reporting of early Covid-19 cases in Wuhan.

4) Lost opportunity — the case of a small hospital that
was neglected early in the Wuhan coronavirus epidemic

失去的机会,武汉新冠疫情早期被忽视的小医院病例
Source: Eight o’clock health news
(八点健闻)
Author: Wu Jing (吴靖)
Date: Feb 11, 2020
Takeaway: A good article about the Yofu hospital close to the market and the early cases seen there (with a suspected market cluster on Dec 12, 2019). Also good on self-reporting biases and systemic biases.

5) White and Green Manuals:
Changes in New Coronavirus Pneumonia Diagnostic Standards

白皮手册与绿皮手册:新冠肺炎诊断标准之变
Source: Freezing Point Magazine (杨海 冰点周刊)
Author: Yang Hai (杨海)
Date: Feb 20, 2020
Takeaway: The key article to understand the reporting bias towards the market introduced by the Wuhan Health Commission and its tug of war with the Hubei CDC.

6) Question | Are pangolins the intermediate host of the new coronavirus? Rodents may also be possible (see Post 4)

质疑 | 穿山甲是新冠病毒的中间宿主么?啮齿类或许也有可能
Source: Personal blog
Author: Little Mountain Dog (小山狗), an identified employee of Vision Medicals
Date: Feb 24, 2020
Takeaway: LMD strikes again and strongly criticize the ‘99% similitude’ pangolin press-conference of the Feb 7, 20020 and the following paper.

7) Why did the infectious disease network direct reporting system built with an investment of 730 million fail for 28 days?

投资7.3亿打造的传染病网络直报系统,为何失灵了28天?
Source: Caixin (财经)
Authors: Iris Xin and Wang Xiao (in Wuhan), with help from Sun Aimin and Xin Ying
Date: Feb 25, 2020
Takeaway: A good article looking at the failure of the CDC epidemic reporting system at the start of the outbreak.

8) New coronavirus gene sequencing traceability: when the alarm was sounded (see Annex 1)

新冠病毒基因测序溯源:警报是何时拉响的
Source: Caixin
(财经)
Authors: Gao Yu, Peng Yanfeng, Yang Rui, Feng Yuding, Ma Danmeng
Date: Feb 26, 2020
Takeaway: A important article going through all the identification of the virus by different teams (starting with Vision Medicals on Dec 26, 2019) and the reason why that information, including sequences, was not released for more than 2 weeks.

9) Experts judge the source of the new coronavirus:
December 8 last year may not be the earliest time of onset in Wuhan

专家研判新冠源头:
去年12月8日或不是武汉最早发病时间
Source: Health Times (健康时报)
Author: Wang Zhenya (王振雅)
Date:
-
Feb 27, 2020 for 1st Version
- Mar 3, 2020 for 2nd version, with retraction of suspected Nov cases, on the day the the State Council gag order was issued.
Takeaway: A key piece highlighting suspected Nov 19 cases, which were shortly after retracted on the day the State Council Gag Order was issued.

10) The Power of “Seeing”: Perspective on Epidemic Reporting and National Governance Modernization

“看见”的力量 — 透视疫情报道与国家治理能力现代化
Source: News Reporter Magazine (记者 杂志)
Authors: Li Hongbing, Zhou Yuqiao (李泓冰, 周玉桥)
Date: Late Feb or Mar 2020
Takeaway: A prize-winning piece that proclaims its allegiance with the party, blames near exclusively local authorities (a safe option that has some merit, but is nevertheless an oversimplification), and looks at the role of the local media reporting and the local propaganda department.

11) Technical governance and emergency decision-making in a risk society: Focusing on the early treatment of the new coronavirus pneumonia epidemic

风险社会的技术治理与应急决策 — 以新冠肺炎疫情的早期处置为中心
Source: China Law Review (中国法律评论)
Author: Chen Baifeng (陈柏峰)
Date: Mar 24, 2020
Takeaway: A piece by a journal of the Institute of Law (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences) that ends up strongly questioning the lack of transparency and reporting in the early days, and exposes the tug or war between Wuhan and Hubei authorities as well as the self-censure by the medical profession. Also looks at structural issues faced by the CDC , especially the internal division between the Bureau of Disease Control and the Centre of Disease Control and Prevention, showing how the Hubei and National CDCs were sidestep and without administrative powers against the wuhan Health Commission.
Last discusses structural (if not existential) issues with the Party.

12) When the ‘prophecies’ of the epidemic came true one by one, I dared not speak (see Post 3)

当疫情“预言”一个个成真后,我不敢说话了
Source: Personal blog
Author: Little Mountain Dog (小山狗), an identified employee of Vision Medicals
Date: Apr 4, 2020
Takeaway: Little Mountain Dog expresses her pain and anger at seeing that the occasion to sound a proper warning based on her sequencing and analysis of Dec 26/27, 2019 was missed. Questions the authorities’ rationale for not not sounding the alarm.

13) Design and Application defects
of the National Epidemic Direct Reporting System

Part 1 — Why the system is virtually useless

Source: Personal blog
Author: Jeff Zhao
Date: Apr 3, 2020
Takeaway: A careful piece that stays within the official praises for Xi Jinping and the central government, but nevertheless exposes the design and conceptual flaw in the CDC epidemic reporting system that was hardly used in the early days of the outbreak.

14) Zhongnan Hospital physicians in the Wuhan Epidemic:
There were sick people everywhere

武汉疫情中的中南医院:他们打满全场
Caixin (财经)
Authors: Xiao Hui, Bao Zhiming and Gao Yu
Date: Apr 13, 2020
Takeaway: A strong piece on the early cases at the Zhongnan hospital in Wuchang (on the other side of the river, not on the market side) and the reporting blocks it faced, including actual unexplained deletions of early cases it entered into the CDC epidemic reporting system. The piece is careful and starts by asserting its supposed alignment with the party’s objectives.

15) Design and Application defects
of the National Epidemic Direct Reporting System

Part 2 — How to optimize and improve the system

Source: Personal blog
Author: Jeff Zhao
Date: May 5, 2020
Takeaway: A dive down on the practical flows in the CDC Epidemic Reporting system and how a proper system should instead be designed.

16) A series of articles by Watson (Hua Sheng) on the initial cover up in Dec 19 / Jan 20

Source: Personal blog reproduced as articles
Author: Watson (Hua Sheng)
Date: Feb 17 to Apr 3, 2020
Takeaway: Watson is a successful and respected Chinese economist who was sent to reeducation in the countryside at age 15, during the Cultural Revolution, just like Xi Jinping. He wrote a series of popular blog entries about the cover up by the Wuhan and Hubei authorities in Dec 19 and Jan 20. He tends to totally absolve the party and central authorities, to which he seems to be rather close, but nevertheless offers some interesting elements on the local power dynamics in the early days of the outbreak.

--

--

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store
Gilles Demaneuf

Gilles Demaneuf

Opinions, analyses and views expressed are purely mine and should not in any way be characterised as representing any institution.